NEW YORK BOTANICAL GARDEN

Theodore Kazimiroff Boulevard (opposite main entrance of Fordham University),  Bronx, New York


History:

The idea for a Botanical Garden in New York City came from the Torrey Botanical Society. The notion was soon taken up by others.

1887  The father of the Bronx Park system, John Mullaly, published his book New Parks beyond the Harlem  in which he wrote that: "No better place could be selected for a model botanical garden than Bronx Park, and no better use could be made of any of the parks than to make them subserve educational purposes, practical schools of horticulture, zoology, arboriculture, etc. . . ."

1888  -- the Bronx Park (later NYBG and the Bronx Zoo) formed along with many other parks in the movement to create a system of parks in the Bronx. 

A fuller history of the Torrey Botanical Society and the New York Botanical Garden can be found on this website: HISTORY OF THE TORREY BOTANICAL SOCIETY


HEMLOCK FOREST PLANT LIST:

NYBG staff; Dr. Patrick L. Cooney


Trees:
Acer negundo (box elder)
Acer platanoides (Norway maple)
Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple)
Acer rubrum (red maple)
Acer saccharinum (silver maple)
Acer saccharum (sugar maple)
Ailanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)
Alnus glutinosa (black alder)
Alnus glutinosa laciniata (cut-leaved black alder)
Alnus tenuifolia (mountain alder)
Amelanchier arborea (shadbush)
Amelanchier laevis (smooth shadbush)
Aralia chinensis 
Aralia spinosa (Hercules' club)
Betula lenta (black birch)
Betula nigra (river birch) planted
Betula papyrifera (white birch)
Betula populifolia (gray birch)
Carpinus caroliniana (musclewood)
Carya cordiformis (bitternut hickory)
Carya glabra (pignut hickory)
Carya ovalis (sweet pignut hickory)
Carya tomentosa (mockernut hickory)
Castanea dentata (American chestnut)
Catalpa bignonioides (southern catalpa)
Catalpa ovata (Chinese catalpa)
Celtis occidentalis (American hackberry)
Cornus florida (flowering dogwood)
Crataegus sp. (hawthorn)
Fagus grandifolia (American beech)
Fraxinus americana (white ash)
Gleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)
Larix laricina (American larch)
Liquidambar styraciflua (sweetgum)
Liriodendron tulipifera (tulip tree)
Magnolia kobus (Kobus magnolia)
Morus alba (white mulberry)
Morus rubra (red mulberry)
Myrica gale (sweetgale)
Nyssa sylvatica (tupelo)
Ostrya virginiana (American hop hornbeam)
Paulownia tomentosa (royal paulownia)
Phellodendron amurense (amur cork tree)
Pinus strobus (white pine)
Platanus occidentalis (American sycamore)
Populus alba (white poplar)
Populus grandidentata (big-toothed poplar)
Populus sp. (poplar)
Prunus avium (bird cherry)
Prunus mahaleb (mahaleb cherry)
Prunus serotina (black cherry)
Pyrus sp. (crab apple tree)
Quercus alba (white oak)
Quercus coccinea (scarlet oak)
Quercus macrocarpa (bur oak)
Quercus palustris (pin oak) 4/28/01
Quercus rubra (red oak) 4/28/01
Quercus velutina (black oak)
Salix alba chermesina (white willow)
Salix alba tristis (white willow)
Salix alba vitellina (white willow)
Salix anera (white willow)
Salix babylonica (weeping willow)
Salix dasyclados (willow)
Salix ehrhartiana (willow)
Salix fragilis (crack willow)
Salix gracilistyla (willow)
Salix matsudana 'tortuosa' (contorted willow)
Salix melanostachys 'kurome' (willow)
Salix mollissima (willow)
Salix multinervis (willow)
Salix nigra (black willow)
Salix sachalinensis 'sekka' (willow)
Sassafras albidum (sassafras)
Taxodium distichum (bald cypress)
Taxus cuspidata (Japanese yew)
Tilia americana (American basswood) 4/28/01
Tsuga canadensis (eastern hemlock)
Ulmus americana (American elm)
Ulmus parvifolia (Chinese elm)

Shrubs:
Alnus incana var. americana (speckled alder)
Aronia arbutifolia (red chokeberry)
Baccharis halimifolia (groundsel tree)
Berberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry)
Cephalanthus occidentalis (button bush)
Chimaphila maculata (striped wintergreen)
Clethra alnifolia (sweet pepperbush)
Cornus amomum (swamp dogwood)
Corylus americana (American hazel)
Corylus avellana (European hazel)
Corylus avella pontica (hazel)
Decodon verticillata (water willow)
Eubotrys racemosa (fetterbush)
Euonymus alatus (winged euonymus)
Halesia caroliniana (Carolina silverbell)
Hamamelis virginiana (witch hazel)
Hydrangea arborescens (wild hydrangea)
Hydrangea paniculata (Asiatic hydrangea)
Ilex verticillata (winterberry)
Itea virginica (sweetspire)
Kalmia latifolia (mountain laurel)
Ligustrum spp. (privet)
Lindera benzoin (spice bush) 4/28/01
Lonicera gracilipes (honeysuckle)
Lonicera morrowii (Morrow's honey suckle)
Lonicera sempervirens (trumpet honeysuckle)
Mitchella repens (partridgeberry)
Philadelphus coronarius (sweet syringa mock orange)
Prunus virginiana (choke cherry)
Ptelea trifoliata (hop tree)
Rhododendron carolinianum (Carolina rhododendron)
Rhododendron viscosum (swamp azalea)
Rhus glabra (smooth sumac)
Rhus typhina (staghorn sumac)
Ribes sativum (garden currant) 4/28/01
Rosa multiflora (multiflora rose)
Rosa rugosa (wrinkled rose)
Rubus phoenicolasius (wineberry)
Rubus sp. (blackberry)
Sambucus canadensis (common elderberry)
Spiraea alba var. latifolia (meadowsweet)
Spiraea tomentosa (steeplebush)
Staphylea trifolia (American bladdernut)
Vaccinium angustifolium (lowbush blueberry)
Vaccinium corymbosum (highbush blueberry)
Vaccinium macrocarpon (cranberry)
Viburnum acerifolium (mapleleaf viburnum)
Viburnum dentatum var. dentatum (arrowwood viburnum)
Viburnum plicatum f plicatum (double-flowering viburnum)
Viburnum plicatum f tomentosum (double-flowering viburnum)
Viburnum prunifolium (blackhaw viburnum)
Viburnum sieboldii (Siebold's viburnum)
Vinca minor (periwinkle)

Vines:
Ampelopsis brevipedunculata (porcelain berry)
Apios americana (groundnut)
Calystegia sepium (hedge bindweed)
Celastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet)
Celastrus scandens (American bittersweet)
Clematis virginiana (virgin's bower)
Cuscuta sp. (dodder)
Echinocystis lobata (wild cucumber)
Humulus japonicus (Japanese hops)
Lonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)
Sicyos angulatus (bur cucumber)
Smilax glauca (sawbrier)
Smilax rotundifolia (roundleaf greenbrier)
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)
Vitis riparia (river bank grape)
Wisteria spp.(wisteria)

Herbs:
Agrimonia parviflora (small-flowered agrimony)
Ajuga reptans (bugleweed)
Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)
Allium canadense (wild onion)
Allium schoenoprasum (chives)
Allium vineale (field garlic)
Amaranthus cannabinus (water hemp)
Amaranthus retroflexus (green amaranth)
Ambrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)
Ambrosia trifida (great ragweed)
Antennaria neglecta (field pussytoes)
Apocynum cannabinum (Indian hemp)
Aquilegia canadensis (columbine)
Arabidopsis thaliana (mouse-ear cress)
Arabis hirsuta (hairy rockcress)
Aralia racemosa (spikenard)
Aralia racemosa (spikenard)
Arctium lappa (great burdock)
Arisaema triphyllum (jack-in-the-pulpit)
Artemisia vulgaris (common mugwort )
Asclepias incarnata (swamp milkweed)
Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed)
Aster cordifolius (heart-leaved aster)
Aster divaricatus (white wood aster )
Aster novae-angliae (New England aster)
Aster prenanthoides (crooked-stem aster)
Baptisia australis (blue false indigo)
Baptisia tinctoria (yellow false indigo)
Bidens frondosa (beggar ticks)
Boehmeria cylindrica (false nettle)
Capsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)
Cardamine heterophylla (slender toothwort)
Cardamine laciniata (cut-leaved toothwort)
Centaurea jacea (brown knapweed)
Cerastium vulgatum (mouse-ear chickweed)
Chelone sp. (turtlehead)
Chelidonium majus (celandine)
Chenopodium album (pigweed)
Circaea lutetiana (enchanter's nightshade)
Cirsium vulgare (bull thistle)
Claytonia virginica (spring beauty)
Commelina communis (Asiatic dayflower)
Conopholis americana (squawroot)
Cryptotaenia canadensis (honewort)
Daucus carota (Queen Anne's lace)
Desmodium canadense (showy tick-trefoil)
Dianthus armeria (Deptford pink)
Dicentra cucullaria (Dutchman's breeches)
Epifagus virginiana (beechdrops)
Epilobium coloratum (purple-leaved willowherb)
Epipactis helleborine (helleborine)
Erechtites hieraciifolia (pilewort)
Erigeron annuus (daisy fleabane)
Erigeron philadelphicus (common fleabane)
Erythronium americanum (trout lily)
Eupatorium coelestinum (mistflower)
Eupatorium dubium (eastern Joe-Pye-weed)
Eupatorium fistulosum (trumpetweed)
Eupatorium perfoliatum (boneset)
Eupatorium rugosum (white snakeroot)
Eupatorium sp. (Joe-Pye-weed)
Euphorbia cyparissias (cypress spurge)
Euphorbia maculata (milk purslane)
Euthamia graminifolia (grass-leaved goldenrod)
Galinsoga quadriradiata (gallant soldiers)
Geranium maculatum (wild geranium)
Geranium nepalense (geranium)
Geum canadense (white avens)
Gratiola aurea (hedge hyssop)
Helenium autumnale (sneezeweed)
Hemerocallis fulva (day lily)
Hibiscus moscheutos (swamp rose mallow)
Hieracium scabrum (rough hawkweed)
Hosta ventricosa (hosta)
Hypericum mutilum (dwarf St. Johnswort)
Impatiens capensis (orange jewelweed)
Impatiens pallida (yellow jewelweed)
Iris pseudoacorus (yellow flag)
Iris versicolor (blue flag)
Laportea canadensis (wood nettle)
Lapsana communis (nipplewort)
Lemna sp. (duckweed)
Lepidium virginicum wild peppergrass )
Lilium superbum (turk's cap lily)
Lobelia cardinalis (cardinal flower)
Lobelia syphilitica (great blue lobelia)
Ludwigia palustris (marsh purslane)
Lycopus americanus (water horehound)
Lycopus virginicus (Virginia bugleweed)
Lysimachia quadrifolia (whorled loosestrife)
Lysimachia terrestris (swamp loosestrife)
Maianthemum canadense (Canada mayflower)
Melilotus alba (white sweet clover)
Mentha arvensis (wild mint)
Lobelia cardinalis (cardinal flower)
Mimulus ringens (monkey flower)
Monotropa uniflora (Indian pipe)
Myosotis scorpioides (larger forget-me-not)
Narcissus sp. (daffodil) 4/28/01
Nymphaea odorata (fragrant white water lily)
Oenothera biennis (common evening primrose)
Oenothera fruticosa (sundrops)
Ornithogallum umbellatus (star of Bethlehem)
Orobanche uniflora (one-flowered cancerroot)
Oxalis dillenii (southern yellow wood sorrel)
Oxalis europaea (wood sorrel)
Panax trifolium (dwarf ginseng)
Peltandra virginica (arrow arum)
Pilea pumila (clearweed)
Plantago major (common plantain)
Podophyllum peltatum (may apple)
Polygonatum biflorum (true Solomon's seal)
Polygonatum pubescens (hairy true Solomon's seal)
Polygonum arenastrum (dooryard knotweed)
Polygonum cespitosum (cespitose smartweed)
Polygonum cuspidatum (Japanese knotweed)
Polygonum hydropiper (water pepper)
Polygonum hydropiperoides (false water pepper)
Polygonum lapathifolium (nodding smartweed)
Polygonum pennsylvanicum (Pennsylvania smartweed)
Polygonum virginianum (jumpseed)
Pontederia cordata (pickerelweed)
Potentilla argentea (silvery cinquefoil))
Prunella vulgaris (self-heal)
Ranunculus ficaria (lesser celandine)
Ranunculus hispidus var. nitida (swamp buttercup)
Rhexia virginica (meadow beauty)
Rudbeckia laciniata (green-headed coneflower)
Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima (black-eyed Susan)
Rumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)
Sagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead)
Sagina procumbens (prostrate pearlwort)
Saponaria officinalis (bouncing bet)
Saururus cernuus (lizard's tail) 
Scutellaria incana (downy skullcap)
Senecio vulgaris (common groundsel)
Senna hebecarpa (wild senna)
Silene stellata (starry campion)
Silphium perfoliatum (cup plant)
Sisymbrium officinale (hedge mustard)
Sisyrinchium angustifolium (stout blue-eyed grass)
Smilacina racemosa (false Solomon's seal)
Solanum carolinense (horse nettle)
Solanum dulcamara (bittersweet nightshade)
Solanum nigrum (black nightshade)
Solidago caesia blue-stemmed goldenrod )
Solidago canadensis (Canada goldenrod )
Solidago canadensis var. altissima (tall goldenrod)
Solidago gigantea (late goldenrod)
Solidago juncea (early goldenrod )
Solidago rugosa (rough-stemmed goldenrod )
Sonchus asper (spiny-leaved sow thistle)
Sparganium androcladum (branching burreed)
Stellaria media (chickweed)
Symphytum officinale (common comfrey)
Symplocarpus foetidus (skunk cabbage)
Taraxacum officinale (common dandelion)
Thalictrum pubescens (tall meadowrue)
Tradescantia virginiana (Virginia spiderwort )
Triadenum virginicum (marsh St. Johnswort) 
Trifolium arvense (rabbit-foot clover)
Trifolium pratense (red clover)
Trifolium repens (white clover)
Typha angustifolia (narrow-leaved cattail)
Typha latifolia (broad-leaved cattail)
Urtica dioica (stinging nettle)
Urtica dioica var. procera (tall stinging nettle)
Uvularia sessilifolia (sessile-leaved bellwort)
Verbascum blattaria (moth mullein)
Verbascum thapsus (common mullein)
Verbena hastata (blue vervain)
Verbena urticifolia (white vervain)
Verbesina alternifolia (wingstem)
Vernonia noveboracensis (New York ironweed )
Viola  macloskeyi (northern white violet)
Viola sororia (common blue violet)
Wolffia braziliensis (Brazilian watermeal)

Rushes:
Juncus effusus (soft rush)
Juncus tenuis (path rush)

Sedges:
Carex crinita (sedge)
Carex laxiflora (sedge) 4/28/01
Carex lurida (sallow sedge)
Carex pensylvanica (Pennsylvania sedge) 4/28/01
Carex scoparia (sedge)
Carex stricta (tussock sedge)
Cyperus diandrus (cyperus)
Cyperus strigosus (umbrella sedge)
Dulichium arundinaceum (three-way sedge)
Scirpus atrovirens (dark green bulrush)
Scirpus cyperinus (woolly grass bulrush)

Grasses:
Agropyron repens (quack grass)
Agrostis gigantea (redtop grass)
Amelanchier arborea (shadbush)
Andropogon gerardii (big bluestem grass)
Andropogon glomeratus (bush brome grass)
Anthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)
Bromus inermis (smooth brome grass)
Bromus tectorum (downy brome grass)
Chasmanthium latifolium (wild oats)
Cinna arundinacea (wood reedgrass)
Dactylis glomerata (orchard grass)
Digitaria sanguinalis (northern crab grass)
Echinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)
Eleusine indica (zipper grass)
Elymus hystrix (bottlebrush grass)
Eragrostis spectabilis (purple love grass)
Festuca elatior (tall fescue)
Festuca ovina (sheep fescue)
Festuca rubra (red  fescue)
Holcus lanatus (velvet grass)
Lolium perenne (English ryegrass)
Microstegium vimineum (Japanese stilt grass)
Muhlenbergia frondosa (muhly grass)
Muhlenbergia schreberii (nimblewill grass)
Panicum clandestinum (deer tongue grss)
Panicum virgatum (switch grass)
Paspalum dilatatum (dallis grass)
Phleum pratensis (timothy grass)
Phragmites australis (tall reed grass)
Poa annua (annual bluegrass) 4/28/01
Poa compressa (Canada bluegrass) 4/28/01
Poa pratensis (Kentucky bluegrass)
Schizachyrium scoparium (little blue stem grass)
Setaria faberi (Faber's foxtail grass)
Setaria glauca. (yellow foxtail grass)
Setaria viridis (green foxtail grass)
Sorghastrum nutans (Indian grass)
Tridens flavus (redtop grass)

Ferns and Fern Allies:
Equisetum arvense (field horsetail)
Athyrium filix-femina (lady fern)
Dennstaedtia punctilobula (hay-scented fern)
Dryopteris spinulosa (spinulose woodfern)
Onoclea sensibilis (sensitive fern)
Osmunda cinnamomea (cinnamon fern)
Osmunda claytoniana (interrupted fern)
Osmunda regalis (royal fern)
Polystichum acrostichoides (Christmas fern)
Pteridium aquilinum (bracken fern)
Thelypteris noveboracensis (New York fern)


Phil Duckett and I had been docents at the NYBG and were very familiar with the NYBG forest. We knew the hemlocks were dying, of course, but they told us that cork tree and tree of heaven would probably take over from the hemlocks, or perhaps maples. After a long lay-off from visiting the NYBG forest, on May 16, 2000 Phil Duckett and I were surprised to find that the tree that seems to be taking over is Herculesí club.

Went again the next year.  It seems to be a struggle for dominance between cork tree and Hercules' club.