Montgomery Place
Route 103, Annandale-on-Hudson, Dutchess County, NY
434 acres


Directions:

Taconic State Parkway north to exit at Route 199 west. Follow this route through the Village of Red Hook and continue to Route 9G; turn right onto 9G north; turn left onto Route 103 (Annandale Road) at Bard College and drive 0.25 of a mile the the park entrance on the left.


History:

1804-05  --  Janet Livingston Montgomery builds the Federal-style house and establishes a prosperous commercial nursery on the property.  She was the widow of Revolutionary War hero General Richard Montgomery, who was killed December 31, 1775, leading an American force that attacked Quebec during the Revolutionary War. (General Richard Montgomery was born in 1736, at Convoy House, Donegal, Ireland.)

1828 -- Janet L. Montgomery dies. The property was taken over by her older brother, Edward Livingston, the mayor of New York City and secretary of State under President Andrew Jackson. Slavery outlawed in the North. Black servants came from New Orleans to serve the Livingstons (buried in an overgrown cemetery to the left of the entrance drive). (Randall 1995:186)

1840-1860 -- the Livingstons, along with daughter Coralie Livingston Barton, substantially renovate the house with the aid of Alexander Jackson Davis who remodels the Federal-style house in Classical Revival style. The grounds were partly designed by Andrew Jackson Downing.

1859  -- Downing writes that Montgomery Place is "...nowhere surpassed in America in point of location, natural beauty, or landscape gardening charms."

1873 -- Coralie Livingston Barton dies.

1930s -- start of the 20th-century horticultural showcase that continues to flourish today.

Estate acquired by General John Ross Delafield, a descendant of Coralie Barton.

1964 -- estate inherited by Major John White Delafield, a prominent New York attorney.

1988 -- Montgomery Place opened as a museum property.


Facilities:

Tours of restored 23-room mansion, gardens, woodland trails, and orchards available. Pick-your-own fruit, farmers' market. Picnic, enjoy great views of Hudson, Catskills. Hike to magnificent waterfalls. April-Oct., 10 a.m.-5 p.m. (closed Tuesday). Nov.-Dec., weekends only. $6, $5 seniors, $3 ages 6-17. $3 grounds pass available.


PLANT LIST:


Aesculus hippocastanum (horse chestnut)

Lindera benzoin (spicebush)

Picea sp. (spruce)

Robinia pseudoacacia (black locust)

Rumex crispus (curled dock)

Syringa vulgaris (common lilac)

Tsuga canadensis (eastern hemlock)

Urtica dioica (sting nettle)