West Point Foundry Preserve
Cold Spring, Putnam County, NY
87 acres


Directions:

From the intersection of Route 9 and Route 301, take Route 301 west (Main Street) for 2.6 miles, where it intersects with Route 9D (Chestnut Street). Take Route 9D south for 0.2 miles. Turn right at fork onto Chestnut Street. Continue past Foundry School Museum. Park along the street. (Or you can cross over 9D from Chestnut Street and park on the right, by the bridge and the ravine.) Enter preserve at south end of Chestnut Street and Route 9D (at bridge).

By train, exit to east side of tracks at Cold Spring station. Take ramp and follow trail to preserve.


History:

This preserve is home to the West Point Foundry, Foundry Cove Marsh and Foundry Dock Park.

The foundry created the Parrott Gun, a rifled cannon that helped tip the scales in favor of the Union during the Civil War.

Scenic Hudson is collaborating with the Village of Cold Spring, Putnam County, the Putnam County Historical Society and Foundry School Museum and the National Audubon Society on long-range plans to interpret the site's colorful history.

The restored wetlands resulted from a completed U. S. Environmental Protection Agency Superfund cleanup.


Trails:

There is a short loop trail along Foundry Brook that highlights the site's stabilized 1865 office building. Michael St. John and I walked along the brook and came back via the blue marsh trail circles. There is great scenery at the marsh. You can walk along the marshland north to the railway station ramp, cross the tracks via the pedestrian bridge, and cross the street to the small park, Foundry Park. Saw my fourth blue bird this spring on 4 separate hikes.

There are remnants of foundry buildings and sidewalks and walls all over the wide ravine. The works must have been very extensive. There are lots of bricks and coal/slag remains also. The  two-story brick building dating from 1865 was used as the office building.  It has a central tower with a cupola. (For more info:  http://www.hudsonvalleyruins.org/yasinsac/foundry/foundry.html)

7/17/02. Met a guy on the Michigan Tech Masters of Science Program in Industrial Archaeology team that is working in the area: researching, digging, and photographing the site.

8/30/03.  Trip with Sarah-David Rosenbaum, Rosemary Santana Cooney and Lauren Christie.  They have now put up blue trail markers (with Scenic Hudson on them). 


PLANT LIST:
Dr. Patrick L. Cooney


Trees:
Acer negundo (box elder maple)
Acer platanoides (Norway maple)
Acer saccharinum (silver maple)
Acer saccharum (sugar maple)
Ailanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)
Betula lenta (black birch)
Catalpa sp. (catalpa)
Celtis occidentalis (hackberry)
Fraxinus americana (white ash)
Gleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)
Juglans nigra (black walnut)
Juniperus virginiana (red cedar)
Liriodendron tulipifera (tulip tree)
Nyssa sylvatica (tupelo)?
Paulownia tomentosa (empress tree)
Platanus occidentalis (American sycamore)
Populus deltoides (cottonwood)
Quercus alba (white oak)
Quercus prinus (chestnut oak)
Quercus rubra (red oak)
Quercus velutina (black oak)
Robinia pseudoacacia (black locust)
Tilia americana (American basswood)
Tsuga canadensis (eastern hemlock)
Ulmus americana (American elm)

Shrubs:
Amorpha fruticosa (false indigo)
Berberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry)
Cephalanthus occidentalis (buttonbush) 7/17/02
Cornus amomum (swamp dogwood)
Euonymus alatus (winged euonymus)
Ligustrum sp. (privet)
Lindera benzoin (spicebush)
Lonicera morrowii (Morrow's honeysuckle)
Myrica pensylvanica (bayberry)
Philadelphus sp. (mockorange)
Rhus typhina (staghorn sumac)
Robinia pseudoacacia (black locust)
Rosa multiflora (multiflora rose)
Rubus occidentalis (black raspberry)
Rubus phoenicolasius (wineberry)
Rubus sp. (blackberry)
Salix discolor (pussy willow)
Salix sp. (willow)
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy) yes, some poison ivy shrubs
Vinca minor (periwinkle) 3/28/02

Vines:
Berberis thunbergii (Japanese honeysuckle)
Campsis radicans (trumpet creeper)
Celastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet)
Cuscuta sp. (dodder) 8/30/03
Humulus japonicus (Japanese hops) 8/30/03
Lonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle) 7/17/02  8/30/03
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)
Sicyos angulatus (one-seeded cucumber) 8/30/03
Solanum dulcamara (bittersweet nightshade) 7/17/02 8/30/03
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)
Vincetoxicum nigrum (black swallowwort) 8/30/03
Vitis aestivalis (summer grape)
Vitis sp. (grape)

Herbs:
Achillea millefolium (common yarrow) 7/17/02
Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard) 7/17/02
Allium vineale (field garlic) 7/17/02
Amaranthus cannabinus (salt-marsh water hemp)?
Ambrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed) 8/30/03
Arctium minus (lesser burdock)
Arisaema triphyllum (Jack-in-the-pulpit)
Artemisia vulgaris (common mugwort) 8/30/03
Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed)
Aster divaricatus (white wood aster) 8/30/03
Bidens frondosa (beggar ticks) 8/30/03
Boehmeria cylindrica (false nettle)
Callitriche sp. (water starwort)
Centaurea maculosa (spotted knapweed) 7/17/02 8/30/03
Cerastium vulgatum (mouse-ear chickweed)
Chaenorrhinum minus (dwarf snapdragon) 7/17/02
Chelidonium majus (celandine) 7/17/02 8/30/03
Chenopodium album (pigweed)
Chrysanthemum leucanthemum (ox-eye daisy) 7/17/02
Cichorium intybus (chicory) 7/17/02 8/30/03
Cicuta maculata (water hemlock) 8/30/03
Circaea lutetiana (enchanter's nightshade) 7/17/02 8/30/03
Cirsium arvense (Canada thistle)
Cirsium discolor (field thistle) 8/30/03
Cirsium vulgare (bull thistle) 8/30/03
Commelina communis (Asiatic dayflower) 8/30/03
Conyza canadensis (horseweed) 7/17/02 8/30/03
Coreopsis lanceolata (lance-leaved coreopsis) 7/172/02
Coronilla varia (crown vetch) 7/17/02 8/30/03
Cryptotaenia canadensis (honewort)
Daucus carota (Queen Anne's lace) 7/17/02 8/30/03
Dianthus armeria (Deptford pink) 7/17/02 8/30/03
Duchesnea indica (Indian strawberry)
Erechtites hieraciifolia (pileweed) 8/30/03
Erigeron annuus (daisy fleabane) 7/17/02 8/30/03
Eupatorium altissimum (tall boneset) ? 8/30/03
Eupatorium fistulosum (trumpetweed) 7/17/02 soon;  8/30/03
Eupatorium perfoliatum (boneset) 8/30/03
Eupatorium rugosum (white snakeroot) 8/30/03
Euphorbia cyparissias (cypress spurge)
Euphorbia maculata (spotted spurge)
Euphorbia nutans (eyebane spurge) 8/30/03
Euthamia graminifolia (grass-leaved goldenrod) 8/30/03
Galium mollugo (wild madder) 7/17/02 8/30/03
Geranium sibiricum (Siberian geranium) 8/30/03
Geum canadense (white avens) 7/17/02 8/30/03
Glechoma hederacea (gill-over-the-ground)
Gnaphalium obtusifolium (sweet everlasting) 8/30/03
Hackelia virginiana (Virginia stickseed) 7/17/02 8/30/03
Helenium autumnale (sneezeweed) 8/30/03
Hibiscus moscheutos (swamp rose mallow) 8/30/03
Hypericum perforatum (common St. Johnswort) 7/17/02
Hypericum punctatum (spotted St. Johnswort) 8/30/03
Impatiens capensis (orange jewelweed) 7/17/02 8/30/03
Iris sp. (blue or yellow flag)
Lactuca biennis (tall blue lettuce) 8/30/03
Laportea canadensis (wood nettle) 7/17/02 8/30/03
Leonurus cardiaca (motherwort)
Lepidium virginicum (poorman's pepper)
Lobelia cardinalis (cardinal flower) 8/30/03
Lotus corniculatus (birdfoot trefoil) 7/17/02 8/30/03
Ludwigia palustris (marsh purslane)
Lycopus americanus (water horehound) 8/30/03
Lycopus virginicus (Virginia bugleweed)
Lythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife) 7/17/02 8/30/03
Matricaria matricarioides (pineappleweed) 7/17/02 8/30/03
Medicago lupulina (black medick) 7/17/02 8/30/03
Melilotus alba (white sweet clover) 7/17/02 8/30/03
Melilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover) 7/17/02
Mentha arvensis (wild mint) 8/30/03
Mollugo verticillata (carpet weed)
Monarda fistulosa (wild bergamot) 8/30/03
Myosotis scorpioides (forget-me-not) 8/30/03
Oenothera biennis (common evening primrose) 7/17/02 8/30/03
Oxalis sp. (yellow wood sorrel) 7/17/02 8/30/03
Peltandra virginica (arrow arum)
Phytolacca americana (pokeweed) 7/17/02 8/30/03
Pilea pumila (clearweed)
Plantago lanceolata (English plantain) 7/17/02 8/30/03
Plantago major (common plantain)
Polygonum aviculare (bird knotweed) 7/17/02
Polygonum cespitosum (cespitose smartweed) 7/17/02 8/30/03
Polygonum cuspidatum (Japanese knotweed) 8/30/03
Polygonum hydropiper (waterpepper) 8/30/03
Polygonum hydropiperoides (mild waterpepper) 8/30/03
Polygonum lapathifolium (nodding smartweed) 8/30/03
Polygonum sagittatum (arrow-leaved tearthumb) 8/30/03
Polygonum virginianum (jumpseed) 8/30/03
Pontederia cordata (pickerelweed) 7/17/02
Potentilla recta (rough-fruited cinquefoil) 7/17/02
Prunella vulgaris (self-heal) 8/30/03
Ranunculus ficaria (lesser celandine)
Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima (black-eyed Susan) 7/17/02 8/30/03
Rumex crispus (curled dock)
Rumex obtusifolius (broad dock)
Silene antirrhina (sleepy catchfly)
Silene vulgaris (bladder campion) 7/17/02 8/30/03
Sium suave (water parsnip) ? 7/17/02
Solanum carolinense (horse nettle) 7/17/02
Solanum nigrum (black nightshade) 8/30/03
Solidago canadensis var. scabra* (tall goldenrod) 8/30/03
Solidago flexicaulis (zig-zag goldenrod) 8/30/03
Solidago gigantea (late goldenrod) 8/30/03
Solidago spp. (goldenrod)
Sonchus asper (prickly sow thistle)
Symplocarpus foetidus (skunk cabbage)
Taraxacum officinale (common dandelion) 3/28/02 7/17/02
Trapa natans (water chestnut)
Trifolium pratense (red clover) 7/17/02 8/30/03
Trifolium repens (white clover) 7/17/02 8/30/03
Typha angustifolia (narrow-leaved cattails)
Urtica dioica v. dioica (stinging nettle)
Verbascum thapsus (common mullein) 7/17/02 8/30/03
Verbena urticifolia (white sweet clover) 7/17/02 8/30/03

Rushes:
Juncus canadensis (Canada rush)
Juncus tenuis (path rush)

Sedges:
Carex laxiflora type (sedge)
Carex vulpinoidea (sedge)
Cyperus sp. (nut or umbrella sedge)
Scirpus atrovirens (dark-green bulrush)
Scirpus cyperinus (woolly grass bulrush)
Scirpus pungens (common three-square bulrush)
Scirpus validus (softstem bulrush)

Grasses:
Bromus japonicus (Japanese brome grass)
Bromus tectorum (downy chess grass)
Dactylis glomerata (orchard grass)
Digitaria sp. (crab grass)
Echinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)
Eleusine indica (zipper grass)
Eragrostis cilianensis (stink grass)
Leersia oryzoides (rice cut grass)
Lolium perenne (English rye grass)
Panicum clandestinum (deer-tongue grass)
Panicum dichotomiflorum (fall panic grass)
Panicum sp. (panic grass)
Panicum virgatum (switch grass)
Phleum pratense (timothy grass)
Phragmites australis (giant reed grass)
Poa annua (annual bluegrass)
Setaria faberi (nodding foxtail grass)
Setaria glauca (yellow foxtail grass)
Setaria viridis (green foxtail grass)
Tridens flavus (purple top grass)
Zizania aquatica (wild rice)

Ferns:
Dryopteris marginalis (marginal woodfern)
Polystichum acrostichoides (Christmas fern)
Pteridium aquilinum (bracken fern)