HIGH POINT STATE PARK
JOHN D. KUSER NATURAL AREA
Sussex County, NJ


Directions:

From NYC drive west on I-80 about 40 miles to exit 34. Take Route 15 northwest about 16 miles. Turn north (right) onto Route 94 and drive about 8 miles. Turn northwest (left) onto Route 23 and drive about 13 miles to High Point State Park Office. Turn right and bear left at each junction to reach the cedar swamp.

Take NJ 23. Proceed straight into the park following signs to the Cedar Swamp Natural Area. Lake Marcia will be passed on the right, and after 1 mile, a left turn will lead to the natural area. Travel down this road .25 mile and park on the right-hand side, just after a Dead End sign and just before a gate that closes off the road to vehicles.
00.0 Saw Mill River Parkway
10.0 near the end of the TZ bridge
20.0 1.1 miles beyond the toll
24.2 Exit 15A Route 17N
00.0 Route 17
1.4 Junction 72 for Ringwood
4.9 hiking at Tuxedo Park
7.4
10.4 Renaissance Village
14.2 Greenwood Lake
16.8 Appalachian Trail AT
20.0 Warwick County Park
00.0
1.3 Route 94 (left turn)
2.6 Route 21 Wawayanda
5.0 NJ
7.0 AT parking Glenwood/Pine Island
9.1 right turn -- Vernon Valley
9.8 Dairy Queen
10.5 Action Park
11.6 Great Gorge
12.7 left turn at light Brothers Pizza
15.4 junction with 23 -- right turn
00.0 Route 23N
1.9 Maxies
2.8 Dairy Queen
3.1 Route 565
4.2 Sussex
4.6 left turn
7.5 American Legion
8.6 Route 651N
9.2 Van Boschten Museum
10.0 Colesville
12.0 climbing
12.5 entrance
13.0 bear left
14.4 park


History:

1888 -- High Point named when Charles St. John and family build the High Point Inn, then a plush resort, near the shore of Lake Marcia.

1909  --  Anthony R. Kuser and John L Kuser buy the High Point Inn after the St. Johns goes bankrupt. Anthony R. Kuser was president of the South Jersey Gas and Electric Lighting Company.  He had consolidated all the gas and electric companies in Trenton and served on the staffs of three governors.  Kuser loaned $200,000 for the founding of the Fox Film Company, later to merge with 20th Century to become 20th Century Fox.  He and family members became major stock holders.

Mrs. Kuser's father, John Dryden, was a U.S. senator and founder of the Prudential Life Insurance Company.

1911  -- Anthony Kuser rebuilds the High Point Inn as his summer home (known as the Lodge).

1923  -- land for High Point State Park donated to the sate of New Jersey by Colonel and Mrs. Anthony R. Kuser.

1930  --  Colonel and Mrs. Kuser have the New Hampshire granite and quartzite 220 foot tower built to commemorate New Jersey war dead. There are great 360 degree vistas from here.

1995 --  the Col. Anthony R. Kuser mansion in High Point bulldozed after years of neglect.

As you drive on Route 23 west toward High Point, you see the Van Bunschooten House Museum (1097 Route 23, Sussex, NJ 07461). This was the home of the Reverend Elias Van Bunschooten, sent in 1785 by the New Jersey Synod of the Dutch Reformed Church. He built the house in 1787 and lived here until his death in 1815.

Saw my only porcupine here (so far that is). Dr. Patrick L. Cooney


PLANT LIST:
HIGH POINT PARK -- CUMULATIVE LIST
Karl Anderson


Plants noted during a botanical inventory of the Dryden Kuser Natural Area, funded by the Friends of High Point, from June 1989 to August 1990. This natural area includes most of the northern end of High Point State Park, from Route 23 on the west to Route 519 on the east. Elevations range from about 850 feet on the eastern and western edges to about 1700 feet on the Kittatinny Ridge. Terrestrial habitats include bog forest (the cedar swamp), mesic uplands (mixed oak forest, chestnut oak forest, pitch pine-scrub oak forest, and hemlock-mixed hardwood types), streamsides, swamp and damp woods (mostly east of the ridge) and rock outcrops (mostly along the ridge).

Scientific nomenclature is generally from Kartesz and Kartesz, a Synonymized Checklist of the Vascular Flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland (1980).

English names from a variety of sources.

Note: species frequency definitions are somewhat subjective, but in general, for this list an abundant species is one that is present and easily found in all areas of suitable habitat, as noted, and areas of its habitat are extensive. A common species is one that appears to be present at low density in all areas of suitable habitat, but may require some searching, or, plant may be present in good numbers (over 100 plants total) but in only a few locations. An uncommon species is one that is not present in all areas of suitable habitat, but has more than ten individuals or small stations. An occasional species is one for which fewer than ten individual plants or small stations were noted.


Trees:
Acer pensylvanicum (striped maple) (common, bog edges, mesic uplands, and ridgetop)
Acer rubrum (red maple) (common, bog, bog edges, swamp, and streamsides; uncommon, mesic uplands)
Acer saccharum (sugar maple) (common, mesic upland)
Amelanchier arborea (downy shadbush) (uncommon, mesic uplands)
Betula alleghaniensis (yellow birch) (common, bog edges, streamsides, and adjacent mesic uplands)
Betula lenta (black birch) (common, mesic uplands and ridgetop)
Betula nigra (river birch) (occasional, by vernal pond along road into cedar swamp)
Betula populifolia (gray birch) (common, bog edges and mesic uplands)
Carya glabra (pignut hickory) (common, mesic uplands and ridgetop)
Carya ovata (shagbark hickory) (uncommon, mesic uplands and ridgetop)
Castanea dentata (American chestnut) (common, mesic uplands)
Chamaecyparis thyoides (Atlantic white cedar) (abundant, bog)
Crataegus sp. (hawthorn) (occasional, ridgetop)
Fagus grandifolia (American beech) (occasional, mesic uplands)
Nyssa sylvatica (sour gum) (common, bog edges and adjacent mesic uplands)
Ostrya virginiana (hop hornbeam) (occasional, mesic uplands)
Picea mariana (black spruce) (uncommon, bog)
Pinus rigida (pitch pine) (uncommon, bog edges and mesic uplands; common, ridgetop and rock outcrops)
Pinus strobus (white pine) (uncommon, bog edges)
Prunus pensylvanica (fire cherry) (occasional, ridgetop)
Prunus serotina (black cherry) (uncommon, mesic uplands)
Quercus alba (white oak) (common, mesic uplands)
Quercus coccinea (scarlet oak) (occasional, mesic uplands)
Quercus montana (chestnut oak) (abundant, mesic uplands)
Quercus rubra (red oak) (common, mesic uplands)
Quercus velutina (black oak) (occasional, mesic uplands)
Sassafras albidum (sassafras) (common, mesic uplands and ridgetop)
Sorbus americana (American mountain ash) (occasional seedlings in bog; occasional, ridgetop)
Tsuga canadensis (eastern hemlock) (common, bog and streamsides and adjacent mesic uplands)

Shrubs and Subshrubs:
Alnus incana (speckled alder) (occasional, bog edges)
Alnus serrulata (smooth alder) (uncommon, bog and swamp edges)
Aronia melanocarpa (black chokeberry) (occasional, mesic uplands; common, ridgetop)
Berberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry) (occasional, ridgetop and mesic uplands)
Cephalanthus occidentalis (buttonbush) (occasional, swamp)
Chimaphila maculata (spotted wintergreen) (occasional, mesic uplands)
Comptonia peregrina (sweet fern) (common, mesic uplands)
Corylus cornuta (beaked hazel) (occasional, mesic uplands)
Diervilla lonicera (bush honeysuckle) (occasional, ridgetop)
Epigaea repens (trailing arbutus) (occasional, mesic uplands)
Gaylussacia baccata (black huckleberry) (abundant, mesic uplands)
Hamamelis virginiana (witch hazel) (common, bog edges, streamsides, and mesic uplands)
Ilex laevigata (smooth winterberry) (uncommon, bog and bog edges)
Ilex verticillata (winterberry) (common, bog and bog edges)
Kalmia angustifolia (sheep laurel) (common, bog edges and adjacent mesic uplands)
Kalmia latifolia (mountain laurel) (uncommon, bog edges; common, mesic uplands)
Lindera benzoin (spicebush) (occasional, bog edges and streamsides)
Lyonia ligustrina (maleberry) (occasional, bog edges)
Nemopanthus mucronata (mountain holly) (common, bog and bog edges)
Prunus virginiana (choke cherry) (occasional, ridgetop)
Quercus ilicifolia (scrub oak) (uncommon, mesic uplands; abundant, ridgetop)
Quercus prinoides (dwarf chestnut oak) (occasional, ridgetop)
Rhododendron maximum (great laurel) (abundant, bog edges)
Rhododendron periclymenoides (pinxter flower) (occasional, mesic uplands)
Rhododendron viscosum (swamp azalea) (common, bog, swamp, and bog edges)
Rosa carolina (pasture rose) (occasional, clearings and ridgetop)
Rosa multiflora (multiflora rose) (occasional, roadsides)
Salix sp. (willow) (occasional; one tall shrub near northeast end of boardwalk)
Spiraea latifolia (meadowsweet) (uncommon, bog edges and ridgetop)
Spiraea tomentosa (steeplebush) (uncommon, bog edges near boardwalk)
Vaccinium angustifolium (late low blueberry) (common, mesic uplands and ridgetop)
Vaccinium corymbosum (highbush blueberry) (common, bog and swamp edges and adjacent mesic uplands)
Vaccinium pallidum (early low blueberry) (common, mesic uplands)
Vaccinium stamineum (deerberry) (common, mesic uplands)
Viburnum acerifolium (maple-leaved viburnum) (uncommon, bog edges and mesic uplands)
Viburnum cassinoides (withe-rod) (occasional, swamp and bog edges)
Viburnum lentago (nannyberry) (occasional, damp woods)
Viburnum recognitum (northern arrowwood) (uncommon, bog edges and mesic uplands)

Vines:
Amphicarpaea bracteata (hog peanut) (common, roadsides and mesic uplands)
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper) (uncommon, mesic uplands and rock outcrops)
Polygonum scandens (climbing false buckwheat) (occasional, roadsides and ridgetop)
Rubus hispidus (swamp dewberry) (common, bog edges)
Vitis labrusca (fox grape) (occasional, mesic uplands)

Broad-leaved Herbs:
Acalypha rhomboidea (three-seeded mercury) (occasional, roadside and swamp edge)
Achillea millefolium (yarrow) (uncommon, roadsides and ridgetop)
Actaea alba (white baneberry) (occasional, swamp edges and mesic uplands)
Alisma subcordatum (small water plantain) (occasional, swamp)
Ambrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed) (common, roadsides)
Anaphalis margaritacea (pearly everlasting) (occasional, roadsides)
Anemone quinquefolia (wood anemone) (occasional, bog edge and adjacent mesic uplands)
Antennaria neglecta (pussytoes) (common, roadsides)
Apocynum androsaemifolium (spreading dogbane) (uncommon, wood edges and openings)
Aquilegia canadensis (wild columbine) (uncommon, rock outcrops and ridgetop)
Arabis glabra (tower mustard) (uncommon, roadsides and rock outcrops)
Arabis laevigata (smooth rock cress) (occasional, ridgetop)
Aralia nudicaulis (wild sarsaparilla) (abundant, mesic uplands)
Arenaria serpyllifolia (thyme-leaved sandwort) (occasional, roadsides)
Arisaema stewardsonii (northern jack-in-the-pulpit) (uncommon, bog edges)
Arisaema triphyllum (jack-in-the-pulpit) (common, damp woods)
Aster acuminatus (whorled wood aster) (common, bog edges and mesic uplands)
Aster divaricatus (white wood aster) (common, mesic uplands)
Aster macrophyllus (large-leaved aster) (common, mesic uplands)
Aster vimineus (small white aster) (occasional, roadsides)
Aster pilosus (heath aster) (occasional, roadsides)
Baptisia tinctoria (wild indigo) (occasional, roadsides)
Barbarea vulgaris (common wintercress) (occasional, roadsides)
Bidens frondosa (beggar ticks) (occasional, bog near boardwalk)
Calla palustris (wild calla) (abundant, bog)
Callitriche sp. (water starwort) (occasional, streams)
Capsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse) (occasional, roadsides)
Centaurea maculosa (spotted knapweed) (common, roadsides)
Cerastium vulgatum (mouse-ear chickweed) (occasional, roadsides)
Chamaesyce nutans (upright spotted spurge) (uncommon, roadsides)
Chelone glabra (turtlehead) (uncommon, bog edges and streamside)
Chrysosplenium americanum (water carpet) (occasional, streamsides)
Circaea alpina (smaller enchanter's nightshade) (occasional, streamsides)
Circaea lutetiana (enchanter's nightshade) (common, roadsides and mesic uplands)
Cirsium arvense (Canada thistle) (occasional, roadsides)
Cirsium vulgare (bull thistle) (uncommon, roadsides)
Clinopodium vulgare (wild basil) (uncommon, roadsides)
Clintonia borealis (yellow clintonia) (uncommon, bog edges)
Comandra umbellata (bastard toadflax) (uncommon, roadsides, rock outcrops, and ridgetop)
Conyza canadensis (horseweed) (uncommon, roadsides)
Coptis trifolia (goldthread) (abundant, bog and bog edges)
Cornus canadensis (bunchberry) (uncommon, bog edges)
Corydalis sempervirens (pale corydalis) (uncommon, rock outcrops and ridgetop)
Cypripedium acaule (pink lady's-slipper) (occasional, mesic uplands)
Daucus carota (wild carrot) (uncommon, roadside)
Dianthus armeria (Deptford pink) (occasional, roadsides)
Drosera roundifolia (round-leaved sundew) (common, bog)
Echium vulgare (viper's bugloss) (occasional, roadsides)
Epifagus virginiana (beech-drops) (occasional, mesic uplands)
Epipactis helleborine (helleborine) (occasional, mesic uplands)
Erechtites hieraciifolia (pilewort) (common, roadsides, rock outcrops, and ridgetop)
Erigeron annuus (daisy fleabane) (uncommon, roadsides)
Erythronium americanum (trout lily) (uncommon, streamsides and nearby wet woods)
Euthamia graminifolia (grass-leaved goldenrod) (occasional, roadsides and clearings in mesic uplands)
Fragaria virginiana (wild strawberry) (uncommon, roadsides)
Galium mollugo (wild madder) (occasional, roadsides)
Galium pilosum (hairy bedstraw) (uncommon, roadsides and mesic uplands)
Galium triflorum (fragrant bedstraw) (uncommon, roadsides)
Gaultheria procumbens (wintergreen) (abundant, bog edges and mesic uplands)
Geranium maculatum (wild geranium) (uncommon, mesic uplands and streamside woods)
Geum canadense (white avens) (uncommon, roadsides and mesic uplands)
Goodyera pubescens (downy rattlesnake-plantain) (occasional, mesic uplands)
Hedeoma pulegioides (American pennyroyal) (common, roadsides)
Hedyotis caerulea (bluets) (common, roadsides)
Hieracium paniculatum (panicled hawkweed) (uncommon, roadsides and mesic uplands)
Hieracium pratense (king devil) (uncommon, roadsides)
Hieracium venosum (rattlesnake weed) (uncommon, mesic uplands, rock outcrops, and ridgetop)
Hydrocotyle americana (American water pennywort) (uncommon, streamsides)
Hypericum perforatum (common St. Johnswort) (common, roadsides)
Hypoxis hirsuta (yellow stargrass) (uncommon, roadsides and mesic uplands)
Iris versicolor (blue flag) (common, bog and swamp)
Lactuca canadensis (wild lettuce) (occasional, roadsides)
Lepidium virginicum (pepper grass) (uncommon, roadsides)
Leucanthemum vulgare (ox-eye daisy) (uncommon, roadsides)
Lobelia inflata (Indian tobacco) (occasional, roadsides)
Lycopus americanus (cut-leaved water horehound) (uncommon, swamp edges)
Lycopus uniflorus (northern bugleweed) (uncommon, bog edges)
Lycopus virginicus (Virginia bugleweed) (uncommon, bog edges)
Lysimachia quadrifolia (whorled loosestrife) (common, roadsides)
Lysimachia terrestris (yellow loosestrife) (common, bog and bog edges)
Maianthemum canadense (Canada mayflower) (abundant, mesic uplands)
Medeola virginiana (Indian cucumber root) (occasional, mesic uplands and wet woods)
Medicago lupulina (black medick) (uncommon, roadsides)
Melampyrum lineare (cow-wheat) (common, mesic uplands and ridgetop)
Melilotus alba (white sweet clover) (uncommon, roadsides)
Melilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover) (uncommon, roadsides)
Mitchella repens (partridgeberry) (occasional, mesic uplands)
Monotropa uniflora (Indian pipe) (common, mesic uplands)
Nasturtium officinale (watercress) (occasional, swamp east of ridge)
Orontium aquaticum (golden club) (occasional, bog northeast of boardwalk)
Osmorhiza claytonii (sweet cicely) (common, mesic uplands)
Oxalis europaea (yellow wood sorrel) (uncommon, roadsides)
Panax trifolius (dwarf ginseng) (uncommon, streamsides and nearby damp woods)
Paronychia canadensis (slender forked chickweed) (common, roadsides; uncommon, ridgetop)
Plantago rugelii (red-stemmed plantain) (uncommon, roadsides)
Polygala paucifolia (fringed polygala) (uncommon, bog edges and adjacent mesic uplands)
Polygonum arifolium (halberd-leaved tearthumb) (uncommon, swamp)
Polygonum aviculare (common knotweed) (uncommon, roadsides)
Polygonum cespitosum (cespitose knotweed) (uncommon, roadsides)
Polygonum hydropiper (water pepper) (occasional, roadsides)
Polygonum sagittatum (arrow-leaved tearthumb) (occasional, swamp and wet woods)
Potentilla argentea (silvery cinquefoil) (occasional, roadsides)
Potentilla canadensis (dwarf cinquefoil) (abundant, roadsides; uncommon, mesic uplands)
Potentilla recta (rough-fruited cinquefoil) (occasional, roadsides)
Potentilla simplex (common cinquefoil) (common, roadsides)
Potentilla tridentata (three-toothed cinquefoil) (occasional, ridgetop north of parking area)
Prenanthes sp. (rattlesnake-root) (uncommon, mesic uplands)
Prunella vulgaris (self-heal) (common, roadsides)
Pycnanthemum incanum (hoary mountain-mint) (common, ridgetop)
Pyrola elliptica (shinleaf) (occasional, bog edges and mesic uplands)
Ranunculus acris (tall buttercup) (uncommon, roadsides)
Rumex acetosella (sheep sorrel) (common, roadsides and rock outcrops)
Sarracenia purpurea (pitcher plant) (uncommon, bog)
Scleranthus annuus (knawel) (uncommon, roadsides)
Scutellaria lateriflora (mad-dog skullcap) (occasional, swamp edges)
Senecio viscosus (sticky ragwort) (occasional, roadsides)
Smilacina racemosa (false Solomon's seal) (uncommon, mesic uplands and ridgetop)
Smilacina trifolia (three-leaved false Solomon's seal) (occasional, bog edges)
Solidago bicolor (silverrod) (uncommon, roadsides and clearings in mesic uplands)
Solidago caesia (blue-stemmed goldenrod) (uncommon, roadsides and clearings in mesic uplands)
Solidago nemoralis (gray goldenrod) (occasional, roadsides and clearings in mesic uplands)
Solidago odora (sweet goldenrod) (occasional, roadsides and rock outcrops)
Solidago puberula (downy goldenrod) (occasional, roadsides and clearings in mesic uplands)
Solidago ulmifolia (elm-leaved goldenrod) (occasional, roadsides and clearings in mesic uplands)
Sparganium sp. (bur-reed) (occasional, in stream flowing from swamp)
Symplocarpus foetidus (skunk cabbage) (abundant, bog, swamp, and streamsides)
Taraxacum officinalis (common dandelion) (occasional, roadsides)
Triadenum virginicum (marsh St. Johnswort) (uncommon, swamp and bog edges)
Trientalis borealis (starflower) (common, bog edges)
Trifolium aureum (hop clover) (uncommon, roadsides)
Trifolium repens (white clover) (uncommon, roadsides)
Trillium undulatum (painted trillium) (occasional, bog edges)
Uvularia perfoliata (perfoliate bellwort) (uncommon, ridgetop and mesic uplands)
Uvularia sessilifolia (sessile-leaved bellwort) (common, bog edges and mesic uplands)
Veratrum viride (white hellebore) (uncommon, bog; common, streamsides)
Viola fimbriatula (ovate-leaved violet) (common, roadsides and rock outcrops)
Viola macloskeyi (white violet) (common, bog edges)
Viola obliqua (marsh blue violet) (uncommon, streamsides)
Viola palmata (early blue violet) (occasional, ridgetop)
Viola rotundifolia (round-leaved violet) (uncommon, streamsides and swamp edges)

Grasses:
Agrostis scabra (rough bent-grass) (occasional, bog edges)
Andropogon gerardii (big bluestem) (common, ridgetop and rock outcrops)
Brachyelytrum erectum (bearded short-husk) (uncommon, bog edges and mesic upland; common, swamp edges)
Bromus inermis (Hungarian brome) (occasional, roadsides)
Bromus tectorum (downy brome) (occasional, roadsides)
Calamagrostis canadensis (bluejoint grass) (uncommon, bog edges and ridgetop; common, swamp)
Cinna arundinacea (common wood-reed) (uncommon, swamp edges, streamsides, and wet woods)
Dactylis glomerata (orchard grass) (occasional, roadsides)
Danthonia compressa (flattened wild oat-grass) (common, roadsides and ridgetop)
Danthonia spicata (common wild-oat grass) (common, roadsides, ridgetop, and rock outcrops)
Deschampsia flexuosa (common hair grass) (abundant, rock outcrops and ridgetop)
Dichanthelium acuminatum (pointed-leaved panic-grass) (uncommon, roadsides and mesic uplands)
Dichanthelium latifolium (broad-leaved panic-grass) (common, roadsides and mesic uplands)
Digitaria ischaemum (small crabgrass) (occasional, roadsides)
Digitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass) (occasional, roadsides)
Elytrigia repens (quack grass) (occasional, ridgetop)
Festuca elatior (tall fescue) (occasional, roadsides)
Glyceria melicaria (long manna-grass) (uncommon, bog and swamp)
Glyceria striata (fowl meadow grass) (uncommon, bog)
Hystrix patula (bottle-brush grass) (occasional, ridgetop)
Leersia oryzoides (rice cutgrass) (common, bog)
Microstegium vimineum (stiltgrass) (occasional, roadsides)
Muhlenbergia schreberi (nimble-will) (uncommon, roadsides)
Muhlenbergia sobolifera (rock dropseed) (occasional, rock outcrops and ridgetop)
Oryzopsis racemosa (black-fruited ricegrass) (uncommon; rocky slope east of bog)
Phleum pratense (timothy) (occasional, roadsides)
Poa compressa (Canada bluegrass) (abundant, roadsides)
Poa pratensis (Kentucky bluegrass) (occasional, roadsides)
Schizachyrium scoparium (little bluestem) (common, rock outcrops and ridgetop)
Setaria glauca (yellow foxtail) (occasional, roadsides)

Sedges and Rushes:
Carex blanda (woodland sedge) (occasional, woodlands)
Carex cephalophora (oval-headed sedge) (uncommon, roadsides and mesic uplands)
Carex collinsii (Collins' sedge) (common, bog)
Carex debilis (white-edged sedge) (uncommon, roadsides, mesic uplands, and ridgetop)
Carex folliculata (long sedge) (common, bog; occasional, swamp)
Carex gynandra (nodding sedge) (occasional, bog)
Carex hirsutella (flattened sedge) (occasional, roadsides and mesic uplands)
Carex howei (Howe's sedge) (uncommon, bog)
Carex intumescens (bladder sedge) (uncommon, bog edges)
Carex lupulina (hop sedge) (occasional, swamp edge)
Carex lurida (sallow sedge) (uncommon, bog and swamp edges)
Carex pensylvanica (Pennsylvania sedge) (common, rock outcrops and ridgetop)
Carex rosea (rose sedge) (occasional, in damp swale by entry road)
Carex scoparia (pointed broom sedge) (common, bog near boardwalk)
Carex stricta (tussock sedge) (uncommon, bog edges)
Carex swanii (Swan's sedge) (common, roadsides and mesic uplands)
Carex trisperma (three-fruited sedge) (abundant, bog)
Eleocharis obtusa (blunt spikerush) (uncommon, bog near boardwalk)
Eriophorum virginicum (tawny cotton-grass) (uncommon, bog near boardwalk)
Juncus canadensis (Canada rush) (occasional, bog near boardwalk)
Juncus effusus (common rush) (occasional, bog near boardwalk)
Juncus subcaudatus (subcaudate rush) (occasional, bog near boardwalk)
Juncus tenuis (path rush) (abundant, roadsides and paths in mesic uplands)
Luzula multiflora (many-flowered wood-rush) (uncommon, roadsides and mesic uplands)
Scirpus atrovirens (dark green bulrush) (uncommon, bog near boardwalk)
Scirpus cyperinus (woolgrass) (uncommon; bog near boardwalk)

Ferns and Fern Allies:
Athyrium filix-femina (lady fern) (common, streamsides and damp woods)
Athyrium thelypteroides (silvery glade fern) (uncommon, streamsides and adjacent mesic uplands)
Botrychium virginianum (rattlesnake fern) (occasional, swamp edge)
Dennstaedtia punctilobula (hay-scented fern) (abundant, roadsides, streamsides, and clearings in mesic uplands)
Dryopteris intermedia (evergreen wood fern) (uncommon, mesic uplands and rocky slopes)
Dryopteris marginalis (marginal wood fern) (uncommon, mesic uplands; common, rocky slopes and rock outcrops)
Equisetum arvense (field horsetail) (occasional, north edge of bog)
Lycopodium lucidulum (shining clubmoss) (occasional, bog and swamp edges)
Lycopodium obscurum (tree clubmoss) (occasional, bog edges and mesic uplands)
Onoclea sensibilis (sensitive fern) (common, bog edges, swamp, and streamsides)
Osmunda cinnamomea (cinnamon fern) (abundant, bog, bog and swamp edges, and streamsides)
Osmunda claytoniana (interrupted fern) (abundant, bog and swamp edges)
Osmunda regalis (royal fern) (common, bog, swamp, and bog edges)
Polypodium virginianum (common polypody) (common, rock outcrops and rocky slopes)
Pteridium aquilinum (bracken) (abundant, mesic uplands)
Thelypteris hexagonoptera (broad beech fern) (uncommon, streamsides and adjacent mesic uplands)
Thelypteris noveboracensis (New York fern) (abundant, bog edges, swamp, and streamsides; uncommon, mesic uplands)
Thelypteris palustris (marsh fern) (common, bog edges, swamp, and streamsides)
Thelypteris simulata (Massachusetts fern) (common, bog edges)


HIGH POINT STATE PARK

Plants noted in High Point State Park during Torrey Botanical Society field trip on
June 15, 1996, led by Karl Anderson. List compiled by Patrick Cooney, with additions by William Standaert, Ralph Wilen, et al..

Scientific nomenclature is generally per Gleason & Cronquist, Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada - Second Edition (New York Botanical Garden, 1991).

English names from a variety of sources.

Locations visited included ridgetop near High Point Monument, cedar swamp, wooded picnic area north of Lake Marcia, and a wet area along the entrance road.

(Fl….) indicates observed flowering dates.

(Fr….) indicates observed fruiting dates.


Trees:
Acer pensylvanicum (striped maple) (ridgetop) (Fl.4/24/96)
Acer rubrum (red maple) (cedar swamp)
Acer saccharum (sugar maple)
Amelanchier arborea (downy juneberry) (picnic area, ridgetop) (Fl. 5/7/96)
Amelanchier laevis (smooth juneberry) (ridgetop)
Betula alleghaniensis (yellow birch) (cedar swamp)
Betula lenta (black birch) (ridgetop)
Betula nigra (river birch) (cedar swamp)
Betula papyrifera (white birch) (ridgetop)
Betula populifolia (gray birch) (ridgetop)
Carya cordiformis (bitternut hickory)
Carya glabra (pignut hickory)
Carya tomentosa (mockernut hickory)
Castanea dentata (American chestnut) (cedar swamp) (Fl. 6/6/95, 6/15/96 soon)
Chamaecyparis thyoides (Atlantic white cedar) (cedar swamp)
Crataegus sp. (hawthorn)
Fagus grandifolia (American beech)
Fraxinus americana (white ash)
Juniperus virginiana (red cedar)
Larix sp. (larch)
Nyssa sylvatica (sour gum) (cedar swamp)
Ostrya virginiana (hop hornbeam)
Picea mariana (black spruce) (cedar swamp)
Pinus rigida (pitch pine) (cedar swamp)
Pinus strobus (white pine) (cedar swamp)
Populus grandidentata (big-toothed aspen) (ridgetop)
Populus tremuloides (quaking aspen) (ridgetop)
Prunus pensylvanica (fire cherry) (ridgetop)
Prunus serotina (black cherry) (Fl. 5/23/96)
Quercus alba (white oak)
Quercus prinus (chestnut oak) (picnic area, ridgetop)
Quercus rubra (red oak) (ridgetop)
Quercus velutina (black oak)
Sassafras albidum (sassafras) (Fl. 5/23/96)
Sorbus americana (American mountain ash) (ridgetop)
Tsuga canadensis (eastern hemlock) (cedar swamp)
Ulmus americana (American elm)

Shrubs and Subshrubs:
Alnus incana (smooth alder)
Aronia arbutifolia (red chokeberry)
Aronia melanocarpa (black chokeberry) (cedar swamp)
Aronia prunifolia (purple chokeberry) (Fl. 5/23/96)
Berberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry) (picnic area) (Fl. 5/23/96)
Chimaphila maculata (spotted wintergreen) (picnic area)
Clethra alnifolia (sweet pepperbush) (Fl. 7/31/95)
Comptonia peregrina (sweet fern) (picnic area)
Epigaea repens (trailing arbutus) (picnic area)
Gaylussacia baccata (black huckleberry) (cedar swamp) (Fl. 5/23/96, 6/6/95)
Hamamelis virginiana (witch hazel) (picnic area)
Ilex verticillata (winterberry) (cedar swamp)
Kalmia angustifolia (sheep laurel) (cedar swamp) (Fl. 6/6/95)
Kalmia latifolia (mountain laurel) (cedar swamp) (Fl. 6/14/96)
Lindera benzoin (spicebush)
Lyonia ligustrina (maleberry) (cedar swamp)
Nemopanthus mucronata (mountain holly) (cedar swamp) (Fl. 5/23/96)
Prunus virginiana (choke cherry) (ridgetop)
Quercus ilicifolia (scrub oak) (ridgetop)
Rhododendron maximum (great laurel) (cedar swamp)
Rhododendron periclymenoides (pinxter flower) (Fl. 5/23/96, 6/5/96, 6/6/95)
Rhododendron viscosum (swamp azalea) (cedar swamp) (Fl. 6/6/95)
Rhus copallina (winged sumac)
Rosa multiflora (multiflora rose) (picnic area) (Fl. 6/15/96)
Rubus alleghaniensis (Alleghany blackberry)
Rubus occidentalis (black raspberry)
Spiraea tomentosa (steeplebush) (Fl. 7/31/95)
Spiraea alba v. latifolia (meadowsweet)
Vaccinium angustifolium (late low blueberry) (ridgetop) (Fl. 5/23/96)
Vaccinium corymbosum (highbush blueberry) (cedar swamp) (Fl. 5/23/96, 6/5/96)
Vaccinium pallidum (early low blueberry) (picnic area)
Vaccinium stamineum (deerberry) (ridgetop) (Fl. 6/5/96, 6/15/96)
Viburnum acerifolium (maple-leaved viburnum) (cedar swamp)
Viburnum dentatum v. lucidum (northern arrowwood) (Fl. 6/16/96)
Viburnum lentago (nannyberry)

Vines:
Amphicarpaea bracteata (hog peanut) (cedar swamp)
Polygonum scandens (climbing false buckwheat) (picnic area)
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)
Smilax glauca (sawbrier)
Smilax herbacea (carrion flower) (roadside wet area)
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)
Vitis labrusca (fox grape)

Broad-leaved Herbs:
Achillea millefolium (yarrow) (ridgetop) (Fl. 6/14/96, 6/15/96)
Alisma subcordatum (small water plantain)
Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard) (ridgetop) (Fl. 6/14/96, 6/15/96)
Anaphalis margaritacea (pearly everlasting) (picnic area) (Fl. 7/31/95)
Antennaria sp. (pussytoes) (Fl. 5/23/96)
Arabis glabra (tower mustard) (ridgetop) (Fl. 6/14/96, 6/15/96)
Aralia nudicaulis (wild sarsaparilla) (picnic area) (Fl. 5/23/96, 6/5/96)
Arenaria serpyllifolia (thyme-leaved sandwort) (ridgetop) (Fl. 6/15/96)
Arisaema triphyllum (jack-in-the-pulpit) (ridgetop)
Artemisia vulgaris (common mugwort) (cedar swamp)
Aster acuminatus (whorled wood aster) (cedar swamp)
Aureolaria laevigata (entire leaved false foxglove) (Fl. 7/31/95)
Baptisia tinctoria (wild indigo) (cedar swamp) (Fl. 7/31/95)
Barbarea vulgaris (common wintercress) (Fl. 5/07/96, 6/6/95)
Calla palustris (wild calla) (cedar swamp) (Fl. 5/23/96, 7/31/95)
Capsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse) (Fl. 6/5/96, 6/15/96)
Cardamine pensylvanica (Pennsylvania bittercress) (roadside wet area)
Centaurea maculosa (spotted knapweed) (picnic area) (Fl. 8/6/93)
Cerastium vulgatum (mouse-ear chickweed) (Fl. 6/14/96)
Chrysanthemum leucanthemum (ox-eye daisy) (ridgetop) (Fl. 6/15/96, 7/31/95)
Cirsium altissimum (tall thistle)
Cirsium vulgare (bull thistle) (Fl. 7/31/95)
Clintonia borealis (yellow clintonia) (cedar swamp)
Comandra umbellata (bastard toadflax) (cedar swamp) (Fl. 6/5/96, 6/15/96)
Coptis trifolia (goldthread) (cedar swamp) (Fl. 5/7/96)
Cornus canadensis (bunchberry) (cedar swamp) (Fl. 6/6/95, 6/15/96)
Corydalis sempervirens (pale corydalis) (ridgetop) (Fl. 6/15/96)
Daucus carota (wild carrot) (Fl. 8/6/93)
Dianthus armeria (Deptford pink) (Fl. 7/31/95)
Drosera rotundifolia (round-leaved sundew) (cedar swamp)
Echium vulgare (viper's bugloss) (ridgetop) (Fl. 6/15/96, 7/31/95)
Elodea nuttallii (common elodea)
Epipactis helleborine (helleborine) (picnic area)
Erechtites hieraciifolia (pilewort)
Erigeron annuus (daisy fleabane) (cedar swamp) (Fl. 6/15/96, 7/31/95)
Erigeron philadelphicus (Philadelphia fleabane) (Fl. 6/6/95)
Eupatorium rugosum (white snakeroot) (ridgetop)
Euphorbia sp. (spurge)
Euthamia graminifolia (grass-leaved goldenrod) (Fl. 7/31/95)
Galinsoga ciliata (hairy galinsoga) (Fl. 7/31/95)
Galium lanceolata (wild licorice) (cedar swamp)
Galium mollugo (wild madder) (ridgetop) (Fl. 6/6/95, 6/15/96)
Galium palustre (marsh bedstraw) (Fl. 6/14/96)
Gaultheria procumbens (wintergreen) (picnic area)
Geranium maculatum (wild geranium) (Fl. 6/6/95)
Geum canadense (white avens) (Fl. 7/31/95)
Hedeoma pulegioides (American pennyroyal) (picnic area)
Hedyotis caerulea (bluets) (picnic area) (Fl. 6/15/96)
Hieracium aurantiacum (orange hawkweed) (Fl. 6/14/96)
Hieracium piloselloides (smooth hawkweed) (Fl. 6/14/96)
Hieracium sp. (hawkweed) (ridgetop) (Fl. 6/6/95)
Hieracium venosum (rattlesnake weed) (Fl. 7/31/95)
Hydrocotyle americana (water pennywort) (wet roadside area)
Hypericum perforatum (common St. Johnswort) (Fl. 8/6/93)
Hypoxis hirsuta (yellow stargrass) (picnic area) (Fl. 6/6/95, 6/15/96)
Impatiens capensis (orange touch-me-not) (roadside wet area)
Iris versicolor (blue flag) (cedar swamp, roadside wet area) (Fl. 6/14/95, 6/15/96)
Krigia biflora (two-flowered Cynthia) (picnic area) (Fl. 6/14/96, 6/15/96)
Linaria vulgaris (butter and eggs)
Ludwigia palustris (water purslane)
Lycopus americanus (cut-leaved water horehound) (roadside wet area)
Lycopus virginiana (Virginia bugleweed) (roadside wet area)
Lysimachia quadrifolia (whorled loosestrife) (cedar swamp)
Lysimachia terrestris (yellow loosestrife) (cedar swamp)
Maianthemum canadense (Canada mayflower) (picnic area) (Fl. 6/6/95)
Matricaria matricarioides (pineapple weed) (Fl. 6/14/96)
Medeola virginiana (Indian cucumber root) (cedar swamp) (Fl. 6/6/95, 6/15/96)
Medicago lupulina (black medick) (ridgetop) (Fl. 6/14/96, 6/15/96)
Melampyrum lineare (cow-wheat) (cedar swamp) (Fl. 6/15/96, 7/31/95)
Melilotus alba (white sweet clover) (Fl. 7/31/95)
Melilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover) (cedar swamp) (Fl. 6/15/96, 7/31/95)
Mentha arvensis (wild mint) (roadside wet area)
Mitchella repens (partridgeberry)
Monarda fistulosa (wild bergamot) (Fl. 7/31/95)
Monotropa uniflora (Indian pipe)
Myosotis laxa (small forget-me-not) (roadside wet area) (Fl. 6/14/96, 7/31/95)
Myriophyllum sp. (Water milfoil)
Oxalis sp. (yellow wood sorrel) (ridgetop) (Fl. 6/6/95 6/15/96)
Paronychia canadensis (slender forked chickweed) (picnic area)
Plantago lanceolata (English plantain) (ridgetop) (Fl. 6/15/96 7/31/95)
Plantago major (common plantain)
Polygala paucifolia (fringed polygala) (Fl. 5/23/96)
Polygonatum biflorum (Solomon's seal)
Polygonum arenastrum (dooryard knotweed) (roadside wet area) (Fl. 6/15/96)
Polygonum cespitosum (cespitose knotweed) (picnic area) (Fl. 6/14/96, 6/15/96)
Polygonum punctatum (dotted smartweed 7/31/95
Polygonum sagittatum (arrow-leaved tearthumb)
Potentilla argentea (silvery cinquefoil) (picnic area) (Fl. 6/14/96, 6/15/96)
Potentilla canadensis (dwarf cinquefoil) (picnic area) (Fl. 6/15/96)
Potentilla norvegica (rough cinquefoil) (cedar swamp)
Potentilla simplex (common cinquefoil) (picnic area) (Fl. 5/23/96, 6/15/96)
Potentilla tridentata (three-toothed cinquefoil) (ridgetop) (Fl. 6/15/96)
Prenanthes trifoliata (tall rattlesnake root) (cedar swamp)
Prunella vulgaris (self-heal) (roadside wet area) (Fl. 6/15/96, 7/31/95)
Pyrola elliptica (shinleaf) (picnic area)
Ranunculus acris (tall buttercup) (ridgetop) (Fl. 6/6/95, 6/15/96)
Rubus flagellaris (dewberry)
Rumex acetosella (sheep sorrel) (picnic area) (Fl. 6/6/95)
Rumex crispus (curled dock)
Sanicula sp. (snakeroot) (Fl. 8/6/93)
Sarracenia purpurea (pitcher plant) (cedar swamp)
Satureja vulgaris (wild basil) (Fl. 7/31/95)
Scleranthus annuus (knawel) (picnic area) (Fl. 6/15/96)
Sedum acre (mossy stonecrop) (ridgetop) (Fl. 6/15/96)
Senecio aureus (golden ragwort) (roadside wet area) (Fl. 6/14/96, 6/15/96)
Senecio viscosus (sticky ragwort) (cedar swamp)
Silene vulgaris ( bladder campion) (Fl. 6/14/96)
Sisyrinchium angustifolium (blue-eyed grass) (Fl. 6/6/95)
Sisyrinchium montanum (common blue-eyed grass) (roadside wet area)
Smilacina racemosa (false Solomon's seal)
Smilacina trifolia (three-leaved false Solomon's seal) (cedar swamp) (Fr. 6/15/96)
Solidago bicolor (silverrod)
Solidago caesia (blue-stemmed goldenrod) (cedar swamp)
Solidago speciosa (showy goldenrod) (Fl. 8/6/93)
Sparganium androcladum (branching burreed)
Spiranthes lucida (wide-leaved ladies' tresses) (Sawmill Campground) (Fl. 6/15/96)
Symplocarpus foetidus (skunk cabbage) (cedar swamp, wet roadside area)
Taraxacum officinalis (common dandelion)
Triadenum virginicum (marsh St. Johnswort)
Trientalis borealis (starflower) (picnic area) (Fl. 5/23/96, 6/15/96)
Trifolium aureum (hop clover) (Fl. 7/31/95)
Trifolium dubium (least hop clover) (Fl. 7/31/95)
Trifolium pratense (red clover) (Fl. 7/31/95)
Trifolium repens (white clover) (picnic area) (Fl. 6/15/96,7/31/95)
Triodanis perfoliata (Venus' looking glass)
Tussilago farfara (coltsfoot)
Typha latifolia (broad-leaved cattail)
Urtica dioica var. procera (tall nettle) (roadside wet area)
Uvularia sesilifolia (sessile-leaved bellwort) (Fl. 5/23/96)
Veratrum viride (swamp hellebore) (roadside wet area) (Fl. 6/15/96, 7/31/95)
Verbascum thapsus (common mullein) (Fl. 8/6/93)
Veronica officinalis (common speedwell) (ridgetop) (Fl. 6/14/96, 6/15/96)
Veronica arvensis (corn speedwell) (picnic area) (Fl. 6/15/96)
Viburnum acerifolium (maple-leaved viburnum) (Fl. 6/15/96)
Viola sagittata (ovate-leaved violet) (picnic area) (Fl. 5/7/96, 5/23/96)
Viola sororia (blue violet)

Grasses:
Andropogon gerardii (big bluestem)
Anthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass) (picnic area)
Brachyelytrum erectum (bearded short-husk) (cedar swamp)
Bromus inermis (Hungarian brome) (picnic area)
Bromus japonicus (Japanese brome) (ridgetop)
Bromus tectorum (downy brome) (ridgetop)
Calamagrostis canadensis (bluejoint grass) (cedar swamp)
Dactylis glomerata (orchard grass) (ridgetop)
Danthonia spicata (common wild oat-grass) (ridgetop)
Deschampsia flexuosa (common hair-grass) (picnic area, ridgetop)
Festuca ovina (sheep fescue)
Glyceria striata (fowl meadow grass) (cedar swamp, wet roadside area)
Leersia oryzoides (rice cutgrass) (roadside wet area)
Lolium perenne (perennial rye-grass) (ridgetop)
Microstegium vimineum (stiltgrass)
Panicum dichotomiflorum (spreading panic grass)
Phleum pratense (timothy)
Poa compressa (Canada bluegrass) (picnic area, ridgetop)
Poa pratensis (Kentucky bluegrass) (ridgetop)
Poa trivialis (rough bluegrass) (wet roadside area)
Schizachyrium scoparium (little bluestem)
Setaria glauca (yellow foxtail)
Setaria sp. (foxtail)

Sedges and Rushes:
Carex cephalophora (oval-headed sedge) (ridgetop)
Carex folliculata (long sedge) (cedar swamp)
Carex gynandra (nodding sedge) (cedar swamp)
Carex intumescens (bladder sedge) (cedar swamp)
Carex laxiflora (loose-flowered sedge) (wet roadside area)
Carex lurida (sallow sedge) (cedar swamp)
Carex pensylvanica (Pennsylvania sedge)
Carex radiata (stellate sedge) (picnic area)
Carex scoparia (pointed broom sedge) (cedar swamp)
Carex spicata (spiked sedge) (wet roadside area)
Carex stricta (tussock sedge) (wet roadside area)
Carex swanii (Swan's sedge) (cedar swamp)
Carex trisperma (three-fruited sedge) (cedar swamp)
Carex vulpinoidea (fox sedge)
Dulichium arundinaceum (three-way sedge)
Juncus effusus (common rush) (cedar swamp)
Juncus tenuis (path rush) (cedar swamp)
Luzula campestris (wood rush) (picnic area)
Scirpus atrovirens (dark green bulrush) (cedar swamp)
Scirpus cyperinus (woolgrass)
Scirpus validus (softstem bulrush)

Ferns and Fern Allies:
Lycopodium obscurum (tree clubmoss) (cedar swamp)
Equisetum arvense (field horsetail) (roadside wet area)
Athyrium filix-femina (lady fern) (roadside wet area)
Dennstaedtia punctilobula (hay-scented fern) (ridgetop)
Dryopteris carthusiana (spinulose wood fern) (roadside wet area)
Onoclea sensibilis (sensitive fern) (roadside wet area)
Osmunda cinnamomea (cinnamon fern) (cedar swamp)
Osmunda claytoniana (interrupted fern) (cedar swamp)
Osmunda regalis (royal fern)
Pteridium aquilinum (bracken) (picnic area)
Thelypteris noveboracensis (New York fern) (picnic area, cedar swamp)
Thelypteris palustris (marsh fern) (cedar swamp)
Thelypteris simulata (Massachusetts fern) (cedar swamp)

Mosses:
Bryum argenteum (silvery bryum)
Dicranum scoparium) (broom moss) (looks like a dog's tail)
Polytrichum juniperinum (juniper haircap) (awn of leaf reddish; dry places)
Polytrichum piliferum (awned haircap) (tips of leaves have long white or hyaline awns; glaucous-green tufts on dry soil in exposed places)
Polytrichum sp. (haircap moss) (sporophyte has an actual "hair" cap that can be pulled off; opening of spore capsule partly closed by hair-like structures that spread open when dry to disperse spores)
Sphagnum spp. (sphagnum mosses)

Lichens:
Acarospora fuscata (brown crustose lichen on rocks)
Baomyces roseus (pink earth lichen) (beautiful pink fruiting bodies)l
Caloplaca feracissima (yellowish smudges on concrete)
Dimelaena oreina (green crustose lichen on rocks)
Flavoparmelia caperata (green shield lichen)
Hypogymnia physodes (puffy shield lichen) (pioneer foliose sp. common on conifers in northern forests)
Parmelia sulcata (gray, foliose lichen on red maple tree)
Physcia millegrana (lace-tipped lichen) (narrow-lobed foliose lichen on tree)
Punctelia rudecta (dotted shield lichen)


May 26, 1951

While on our trip we noted the changes which had taken place in the beaver swamp near Saw Mill pond, High Point, between May 1950 and May 1951. More trees had been killed, the green frog (Rana calmitans) population had swelled and wood ducks and red-winged blackbirds had arrived as breeding species. The "big blow" of late November 1950 had toppled many of the ancient hemlocks in the Cedar Swamp at High Point, adding confusion to the already impenetrable thickets formed by the rhododendrons.

Among the more conspicuous and attractive members of the flora in bloom were:

Carex lupulina hop-liked sedge
Arisaema stewardsonii northern jack in the pulpit
Call palustris wild calla
Uvularia perfoliata perfoliate-leaved bellwort
Clintonia borealis yellow Clintonia
Smilacina trifolia three-leaved Solomon's seal
Trillium undulatum painted trillium
Iris versicolor blue flag
Cypripedium acaule pink lady's slipper
Corallorhiza trifida northern coral root
Polygala paucifolia flowering wintergreen
Cornus canadensis dwarf dogwood.

The leader's two-year old nephew started his botanical career by learning to identify the blue lupine (Lupinus perennis) which was in profusion along Ridge Road. Attendance was 4. Leader was David Fables.


HIGH POINT, NJ. July 27, 1954.

The prolonged drought had markedly affected the fern and orchid flora in this region. Mr. and Mrs. Hallett located a most interesting station of several species of Botrychium near their summer home adjacent to High Point Park. These included B lanceolatum, B matricariaefolium, and B simplex. Most of the specimens were in a wilted state and much under normal size. Malaxis unifolia difficult to detect among numerous cinnamon ferns, was found at two stations. The most prevalent orchid of the day was Habenaria clavellata. Attendance 12. Leader, David Fables.